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DICTIONARY OF OCCUPATIONAL TITLES (4th Ed., Rev. 1991) -- TERM TITLES AND DEFINITIONS

TERM TITLES AND DEFINITIONS

Terms are titles that are common to a number of jobs that may differ widely in job knowledge required, tasks performed, and job location. Definitions for Terms indicate broadly the jobs that are known by the title and provide information to aid in finding appropriate specific job titles and codes.

ACCOUNTANT, CERTIFIED PUBLIC (profess. & kin.) alternate titles: certified public accountant; c.p.a.

A term applied to an accountant who has met state legal requirements for public practice, and who has been certified by a state as possessing appropriate education and experience as evidenced by passing grade in nationally uniform examination. ACCOUNTANTS, CERTIFIED PUBLIC (profess. & kin.) may be employed by individual establishments, but usually provide a variety of accounting services to general public, either as individual on fee basis or as member or salaried employee of firm which provides such services.

AEROSPACE ENGINEER (profess. & kin.)

A term applied to engineering personnel engaged in research, planning, and development of flight systems and aerovehicles for use in terrestrial atmosphere and outer space. Includes engineering work on aerovehicles, missiles, rockets, space systems research and development, and test and evaluation functions. Classifications are made according to specialization as AERONAUTICAL ENGINEER (aircraft mfg.); ELECTRICAL ENGINEER (profess. & kin.); MECHANICAL ENGINEER (profess. & kin.).

AGRICULTURAL AIDE (agriculture)

A term applied to farm workers who plant, harvest, and cultivate crops and tend animals according to specific instructions of research workers. Classifications are made according to work performed as ANIMAL CARETAKER (any industry); FARMWORKER, POULTRY (agriculture); FARMWORKER, VEGETABLE (agriculture) I.

AGRICULTURIST (profess. & kin.)

A term applied to persons with broad scientific knowledge of theoretical and actual agricultural practices and of livestock, such as varieties, breeds, feeding problems, and propagation of livestock; harvesting and marketing methods; and specialized areas of production. Provides technical and professional advice concerning agriculture to interested persons. Classifications are made according to specialty as AGRONOMIST (profess. & kin.); COUNTY-AGRICULTURAL AGENT (government ser.).
AIR-PRESS OPERATOR (any industry) alternate titles: pneumatic-press operator

A term applied to workers who operate, tend, or feed $T3power presses$T1 actuated by air pressure to cut, form, forge, straighten, attach, compress, or imprint materials. Classifications are made according to type of press as ASSEMBLY-PRESS OPERATOR (any industry); PLATEN-PRESS FEEDER (print. & pub.); PUNCH-PRESS OPERATOR (any industry) I; PUNCH-PRESS OPERATOR (any industry) II.

AIR-TOOL OPERATOR (construction) alternate titles: pneumatic-tool operator

A term applied to any worker when operating a tool driven by compressed air to perform such work as breaking old pavement, loosening or digging hard earth, trimming bottom and sides of trenches, breaking large rocks, driving sheeting, chipping concrete, trimming or cutting stone, or caulking steel plates. Classifications are made according to kind of work performed as ROCK-DRILL OPERATOR (construction) I; SHEET-PILE-HAMMER OPERATOR (construction); STEEL-PLATE CAULKER (any industry); STONE DRILLER (stonework).

APPLIANCE REPAIRER (any industry)

A term applied to workers engaged in installing, servicing, and repairing electrical or gas appliances. Classifications are made according to type of appliance serviced as ELECTRICAL-APPLIANCE REPAIRER (any industry); ELECTRICAL-APPLIANCE SERVICER (any industry); GAS-APPLIANCE SERVICER (any industry).

APPLICATIONS ENGINEER (profess. & kin.)

A term for engineers concerned with developing new applications for products and systems, and providing technical sales and marketing support to customers, distributors, and sales representatives. Classifications are made according to engineering specialization as ELECTRONICS ENGINEER (profess. & kin.); MECHANICAL ENGINEER (profess. & kin.).

AREA ENGINEER (profess. & kin.)

A term applied to an engineer who is assigned duties within a specific manufacturing area or department of industrial organization. Classifications are made according to field of engineering specialization.

ASSISTANT (any industry) alternate titles: assistant superintendent; assistant supervisor

A term applied to a worker who assists another by performing similar duties and by assuming authority and responsibilities of worker assisted during worker's absence. The same classification should be assigned an ASSISTANT (any industry) as is assigned worker assisted. When duties performed by ASSISTANT (any industry) are clearly subordinate to and different from those of worker assisted, job may be that of HELPER (any industry) Master Title, or possibly APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title, if there is a contractual agreement according to which worker receives training to learn job. See TECHNICIAN (profess. & kin.) for workers assisting engineers and other scientists.

AUTHOR (profess. & kin.)

A term applied to individuals who produce original written works, such as articles, biographies, fiction, plays, poems, and essays. Classifications are made according to type of writing as HUMORIST (profess. & kin.); LIBRETTIST (profess. & kin.); PLAYWRIGHT (profess. & kin.); POET (profess. & kin.); WRITER, PROSE, FICTION AND NONFICTION (profess. & kin.).

BACKFILLER OPERATOR (any industry)

A term applied to a worker who operates power equipment to replace dirt removed from an excavation, such as a pipeline trench or foundation pit. Classifications are made according to type of equipment operated as BULLDOZER OPERATOR (any industry) I; DRAGLINE OPERATOR (any industry); POWER-SHOVEL OPERATOR (any industry).

BELTER (construction)

A term applied to a CEMENT-MASON HELPER (construction) when pushing and pulling a canvas belt or burlap strip back and forth across finished surface of concrete pavement to smooth surface and remove trowel and float marks left by CEMENT MASON, HIGHWAYS AND STREETS (construction).

BRIMMER (hat & cap)

A term for workers who perform any of various operations on brims of hats. Classifications are made according to type of work performed as BRIM-STRETCHING-MACHINE OPERATOR (hat & cap); HYDRAULIC BLOCKER (hat & cap).

BRUSHER (any industry)

A term applied to workers who clean or finish materials or articles. Operations may involve brushing, grinding, or scraping by hand or machine. Classifications are made according to article processed as BISQUE CLEANER (pottery & porc.); WARE DRESSER (pottery & porc.); or method employed as DUSTER (hat & cap); NAPPER TENDER (tex. prod., nec; textile).

BRUSHER (construction; furniture)

A term applied to a PAINTER (construction) or FURNITURE FINISHER (woodworking) when applying coloring, decorative, or protective coats of finish to structures or furniture by means of a brush rather than spray gun.

BUILDING SUPERVISOR (construction)

A term applied to a SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title who supervises work crew engaged in building construction activities, such as installing electrical, heating, plumbing, and other fixtures and equipment, painting and decorating the building, and other work related to building construction. Classifications are made according to activity of workers supervised. Classifications are SUPERVISOR, ADJUSTABLE-STEEL-JOIST-SETTING (construction); SUPERVISOR, CARPENTERS (construction); CARPENTER-LABOR SUPERVISOR (construction); CLEARING SUPERVISOR (construction); CONCRETING SUPERVISOR (construction); SUPERVISOR, GRADING (construction); SUPERVISOR, REINFORCED-STEEL-PLACING (construction); SUPERVISOR, WATERPROOFING (construction).

BULL-GANG WORKER (construction)

A term applied to any member of a crew engaged in manually lifting or moving heavy objects or materials. Usually these workers exercise considerable physical exertion to accomplish a specified task. Classifications are made according to the nature of the work activity as CONSTRUCTION WORKER (construction) II; LABORER, STORES (any industry); or MATERIAL HANDLER (any industry).

CABLESHIP WORKER (tel. & tel.)

A term applied to officers and crew of cable-laying or cable-repair ships trained in special duties of maneuvering ship and handling submarine cable. Classifications are based on position held as MATE, SHIP (water trans.); ORDINARY SEAMAN (water trans.).

CAISSON WORKER (construction)

A term applied to a CONSTRUCTION WORKER (construction) II or other worker when performing manual labor within compressed-air chamber or caisson in connection with submarine or other foundation work where compressed air is required to keep out water during construction.

CARDROOM WORKER (nonmet. min.; textile)

A term applied to workers in carding department of textile mill who prepare natural or synthetic fibers for spinning into yarn or thread. Classifications are made according to process performed or machine tended as CARD TENDER (nonmet. min.; textile); SLIVER-LAP-MACHINE TENDER (textile).

CARETAKER, FARM (agriculture)

A term applied to workers engaged to live on and care for farm in absence of owner. Classifications are made according to duties performed as ANIMAL CARETAKER (any industry); FARMWORKER, GENERAL (agriculture) II; YARD WORKER (domestic ser.).

CARTOGRAPHIC TECHNICIAN (profess. & kin.)

A term applied to workers who collect, evaluate, and select source materials to be used in constructing maps and charts; and compile, draft, and edit maps and charts of the earth and extraterrestrial bodies. Classifications are made according to area of specialization as DRAFTER, CARTOGRAPHIC (profess. & kin.); PHOTOGRAMMETRIST (profess. & kin.); STEREO-PLOTTER OPERATOR (profess. & kin.).

CATALYST OPERATOR (chemical)

A term applied to workers engaged in preparation of catalysts for use in the manufacture of chemicals, such as butadiene and styrene. Classifications are made according to processing step in production of catalytic material as DISSOLVER OPERATOR (chemical); GRINDER OPERATOR (chemical).

CAULKER (construction; ship-boat mfg.)

A term applied to any worker who makes watertight or airtight joints in pipes, tunnel linings, and steel plates by forcing sealing material into joints with hand or compressed-air-driven caulking tool. Classifications are made according to material being caulked as PIPE CAULKER (construction); STEEL-PLATE CAULKER (any industry); WOOD CAULKER (ship-boat mfg.).

CHEMICAL-DEPARTMENT WORKER (plastic-synth.) alternate titles: chemical-building worker; chemical operator

A term for workers engaged in treating raw materials to produce chemical constituents of synthetic fibers. Classifications are made according to equipment utilized as CHURN TENDER (plastic-synth.); RIPENING-ROOM ATTENDANT (plastic-synth.).

CHEMICAL OPERATOR I (chemical)

A term for workers engaged in tending or controlling equipment used in processing chemical products. Classifications are made according to equipment unit operated as BATCH-STILL OPERATOR (chemical) I; BLEACHER OPERATOR (chemical; soap & rel.); ELECTRIC-CELL TENDER (chemical); or process involved as ABSORPTION OPERATOR (chemical).

CHIMNEY ERECTOR (construction)

A term applied to workers engaged in the construction and repair of brick or concrete chimneys. Classifications are made according to work performed as CHIMNEY BUILDER, BRICK (construction); CHIMNEY BUILDER, REINFORCED CONCRETE (construction); CHIMNEY REPAIRER (construction).

CHLOROPRENE OPERATOR (chemical)

A term applied to workers engaged in production or refining of chlorobutadiene (chloroprene) for polymerization into synthetic rubber. Classifications are made according to equipment-unit operated or tended as CD-REACTOR OPERATOR (chemical); CD-REACTOR OPERATOR, HEAD (chemical).

CIGAR MAKER, LONG-FILLER MACHINE (tobacco)

A term applied to any of the four operators of a fresh-work or long-filler cigar machine. Classifications are made according to work performed as BINDER LAYER (tobacco); FILLER FEEDER (tobacco); FRESH-WORK INSPECTOR (tobacco); WRAPPER LAYER (tobacco).

CLOTH FOLDER (textile)

A term applied to workers engaged in folding cloth for shipment. Classifications are made according to task performed as CLOTH FOLDER, HAND (tex. prod., nec; textile); or according to machine tended as FOLDING-MACHINE OPERATOR (textile).

CLOTHING MAKER (garment) alternate titles: clothing operator; garment maker

A term applied to garment workers engaged in laying out, marking, and cutting material; operating or tending sewing machines or sewing by hand to join, hem, reinforce, or decorate garments and garment parts; and performing finishing operations, such as pressing and folding. For classifications see three-digit groups 781, 782, 785, and 786.

COLOR MIXER (textile)

A term applied to workers engaged in weighing and blending ingredients to make dyestuffs and color for dyeing, printing, or coating of cloth and yarn. Classifications are made according to task performed as COLOR-PASTE MIXER (textile); DYE WEIGHER (any industry); or according to machine tended as GUM MIXER (textile).

COMMERCIAL DECORATOR (any industry)

A term applied to workers who paint designs on commercial products, such as china, novelties, furniture, and tinware. Classifications are made according to work performed as LINER (pottery & porc.); PAINTER, HAND (any industry).

CONCRETE CHIPPER (construction)

A term applied to a CONCRETE RUBBER (concrete prod.); CONSTRUCTION WORKER (construction) I; or CONSTRUCTION WORKER (construction) II when chipping away concrete with chisel driven by hammer or air tool to remove bulges, rough spots, and defective concrete from walls, beams, and other parts of concrete structures.

CONCRETE CURER (construction) alternate titles: pavement curer

A term applied to a CONSTRUCTION WORKER (construction) I; or CONSTRUCTION WORKER (construction) II when covering fresh concrete with curing mats (light canvas mats quilted with cotton to retain water), earth, straw, or waterproof paper, and sprinkling water over concrete with hose to prevent too rapid drying.

CONCRETE PUDDLER (construction) alternate titles: concrete shoveler; concrete spader; concrete spreader; concrete tamper

A term applied to a CONSTRUCTION WORKER (construction) II; LABORER, CONCRETE-MIXING PLANT (construction); or LABORER, PRESTRESSED CONCRETE (concrete prod.) when spreading wet concrete evenly over subgrade in front of concrete-paving finishing machine or in concrete forms, using shovel, and tamping it around form and reinforcing material, using puddling pole, tamper, or concrete vibrator.

CONCRETE SCREEDER (construction)

A term applied to a CEMENT MASON (construction); CONSTRUCTION WORKER (construction) II; or LABORER, CONCRETE-MIXING PLANT (construction) when leveling surface of fresh concrete to desired shape and grade by pushing screed over surface of concrete.

CONSULTING ENGINEER (profess. & kin.)

A term applied to workers who consult with and advise clients on specialized engineering matters in particular field of endeavor, such as chemical engineering, civil engineering, or mechanical engineering.

COOK, BREAKFAST (hotel & rest.)

A term applied to any COOK (hotel & rest.) or COOK, FAST FOOD (hotel & rest.) when preparing, cooking, and portioning all foods on breakfast menu, such as hot cereals, bacon, and eggs.

COOK, SECOND (hotel & rest.)

A term applied to a SOUS CHEF (hotel & rest.) when acting as assistant to CHEF (hotel & rest.); EXECUTIVE CHEF (hotel & rest.); or SUPERVISING CHEF (hotel & rest.), performing their duties in their absence. Typically found in large establishments.

COUPLE (any industry)

A term used for designating two jobs or positions found in the same environment or industry where two persons are required to perform duties. The workers are usually furnished board and room or lodging in addition to remuneration for services performed. Classifications are made according to specific duties performed by each worker, such as BUTLER (domestic ser.) and COOK (domestic ser.) or where both workers participate in performing overall duties, such as maintenance, housekeeping, and managing as MANAGER, MOTEL (hotel & rest.); MANAGER, TOURIST CAMP (hotel & rest.); MANAGER, TRAILER PARK (hotel & rest.); or as MAINTENANCE REPAIRER, BUILDING (any industry).

CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) alternate titles: crane engineer

A term applied to workers who operate cranes to hoist, move, and place materials and objects, using attachments, such as sling, electromagnet, grapple hook, bucket, demolition ball, and clamshell. Classifications are made according to type of crane operated as OVERHEAD CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-010; LOCOMOTIVE-CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-038; MONORAIL CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-042; TRUCK-CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) 921.663-062.

CUTTER (any industry)

A term applied to workers engaged in cutting materials, such as cloth, leather, or plastic, by hand or machine, according to pattern, layout lines, or specified dimensions. Classifications are made according to method of cutting as CUTTER, HAND (any industry) I; CUTTER, MACHINE (any industry) I; DIE CUTTER (any industry); or according to material cut as LEATHER CUTTER (leather prod.).

DIAMOND CUTTER (jewelry-silver.)

A term applied to workers who prepare diamonds for use in making jewelry. Classifications are made according to specific occupations as BRILLIANDEER-LOPPER (jewelry-silver.); DIAMOND CLEAVER (jewelry-silver.); GEM CUTTER (jewelry-silver.); GIRDLER (jewelry-silver.); LATHE OPERATOR (jewelry-silver.).

DIETITIAN (profess. & kin.)

A term applied to persons who possess educational qualifications, work experience, and license or certificate for employment in various fields of dietetics, such as research, consultation, administration, community, and clinical. Classifications are made according to specialized area of employment as DIETITIAN, CLINICAL (profess. & kin.); DIETITIAN, CONSULTANT (profess. & kin.); DIETITIAN, RESEARCH (profess. & kin.).

DITCH DIGGER (construction) alternate titles: backfiller, hand; laborer, excavation; trench backfiller; trench digger

A term applied to a CONSTRUCTION WORKER (construction) I; CONSTRUCTION WORKER (construction) II; or LABORER, CONCRETE-MIXING PLANT (construction) when digging trenches, footing holes, and similar excavations to specified depth and width, and refilling trenches with excavated material, using pick and shovel.

DIVISION OFFICER (r.r. trans.)

A term applied to railroad officials who administer activities of specified sector of railroad operations, such as segment of line between prescribed points, terminal, classification yard, or other facility. Classifications are made according to operations or facility administered as SUPERINTENDENT, DIVISION (motor trans.; r.r. trans.); YARD MANAGER (r.r. trans.).

DYEING-MACHINE OPERATOR (knitting)

A term applied to workers engaged in dyeing yarn, stockings, and knitted cloth, garments, and tubing. Workers are classified according to material dyed as DYE-REEL OPERATOR (textile); SKEIN-YARN DYER (textile); or according to type of machine utilized as DYE-TUB OPERATOR (knitting).

ECOLOGIST (profess. & kin.)

A term applied to persons who study plants or animals in relation to effect of environmental influences, such as rainfall, temperature, altitude, and kind and quantity of food. Classifications are made according to field of specialization as BOTANIST (profess. & kin.); ZOOLOGIST (profess. & kin.).

ELECTRICAL TESTER (utilities)

A term applied to a worker who carries out prescribed tests on electric power equipment used in production, transmission, distribution, and utilization of electricity, using various types of electrical testing equipment. Classifications are made according to type of equipment tested as RELAY TESTER (utilities); TRANSFORMER TESTER (utilities); or according to purpose of test as VOLTAGE TESTER (utilities).

ENGINEER (profess. & kin.) alternate titles: professional engineer

A term applied to persons who possess educational qualifications, work experience, and legal certification where required as established by engineering schools, employers, and licensing authorities for employment in various fields of engineering. Engineers typically function in one or more activities, such as research, development, design, production, consulting, administration and management, teaching, technical writing, or technical sales and service. Classifications are made according to one or more engineering fields in which individual is qualified for employment, such as aeronautical, electrical, mechanical, chemical, mining, marine, or nuclear engineering.

ENTERTAINER (amuse. & rec.; motion pictureradio-tv broad.) alternate titles: performer; theatrical performer

A term for persons who entertain and amuse audiences by means of an act or skit, dance, reading, feat of skill, songs, or comedy act. Classifications are made according to type of entertainment provided.

ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEER (profess. & kin.) alternate titles: public-health engineer

A term applied to engineering personnel who utilize engineering knowledge and technology to identify, solve, or alleviate environmental problems. ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERS (profess. & kin.) typically apply knowledge of chemical, civil, mechanical, or other engineering discipline to preserve the quality of life by correcting and improving various areas of environmental concern, such as air, soil, or water pollution. However, any engineer whose technology is adaptable to solution of environmental problems, generates a need for environmental impact analysis, or affects the quality of life, is included in this term. This term may be used to denote engineering personnel in specific industries, such as mining and quarrying, petroleum production, or petroleum refining, who function at an administrative level to plan and coordinate pollution monitoring activities within a particular industrial framework. Classifications are made according to area or specialization as INDUSTRIAL-HEALTH ENGINEER (profess. & kin.); NUCLEAR ENGINEER (profess. & kin.); POLLUTION-CONTROL ENGINEER (profess. & kin.); PROJECT MANAGER, ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH (profess. & kin.); SANITARY ENGINEER (profess. & kin.).

ENVIRONMENTALIST (profess. & kin.) alternate titles: ecologist

A term applied to workers who study, analyze, and evaluate environmental problems; apply scientific knowledge to prevent pollution; develop solutions to existing environmental problems; and predict possibility of future environmental pollution, including that concerned with air, water, land and land use, noise, and radioactivity. May prepare environmental impact reports or studies detailing types and causes of pollution and probability of future environmental problems. May work with federal, state, and local governmental agencies and community groups in establishing and promoting environmental policies. General classifications are ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYST (profess. & kin.) and POLLUTION-CONTROL ENGINEER (profess. & kin.). Since environmental work activities are interdisciplinary in nature, classifications are also made according to specific fields of specialization, such as civil engineering, soils engineering, chemistry, biology, geophysics, geology, geography, architecture, or forestry. Workers may direct and coordinate activities of other environmental scientists and be classified PROJECT MANAGER, ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH (profess. & kin.). Workers may function at the technician level, providing scientific or engineering support to environmental projects, and be classified BIOLOGICAL AIDE (agriculture); LABORATORY TESTER (any industry); POLLUTION-CONTROL TECHNICIAN (profess. & kin.); SCIENTIFIC HELPER (profess. & kin.); or LABORATORY TESTER (any industry).

EQUIPMENT MECHANIC (tel. & tel.)

A term applied to workers who install, relocate, and remove telephone and telegraph equipment. Classifications are made according to type of equipment worked on as TELEGRAPH-PLANT MAINTAINER (tel. & tel.); EQUIPMENT INSTALLER (tel. & tel.).

EXECUTIVE TRAINEE (any industry)

A term for a worker who acts in junior supervisory capacities, such as assistant department manager or staff assistant supervisor in an organization, to learn company policies and procedures, and functions and activities of departments with view toward acquiring knowledge of all business phases. Attends personnel training classes to acquire knowledge of organizational setup, staff and line functions, and long and short range business objectives. Acquires, through on-the-job training in departments, such as credit, sales, engineering, production, and personnel, an overall knowledge of company business functions and activities. Workers are classified according to designation of supervisory personnel assisted or department staff activity.

EXPLOSIVE HANDLER (chemical)

A term applied to any worker who processes, stores, or otherwise handles explosives, observing specified safety regulations to prevent explosions. Classifications are made according to equipment used as BOILING-TUB OPERATOR (chemical); MIXER OPERATOR (chemical) I; POACHER OPERATOR (chemical); or according to material handled as DYNAMITE-CARTRIDGE CRIMPER (chemical); NITROGLYCERIN NEUTRALIZER (chemical); TETRYL-DISSOLVER OPERATOR (chemical).

FARMER (agriculture)

A term used to designate a person who manages a tract of land devoted to production or exploitation of plants and animals. Classifications are made according to duties performed as FARMER, FIELD CROP (agriculture); FARMER, GENERAL (agriculture); FARMER, FRUIT CROPS, BUSH AND VINE (agriculture); LIVESTOCK RANCHER (agriculture); POULTRY FARMER (agriculture).

FARMER, CONTRACT (agriculture)

A term applied to a farmer working on a contract basis for another farmer. Classifications are made according to kind of work contracted for as FARM-MACHINE OPERATOR (agriculture); FARMWORKER, GRAIN (agriculture) I.

FARMER, DRY LAND (agriculture)

A term applied to one who practices diversified or specialized farming and depends on limited rainfall for moisture as opposed to one who irrigates. Classifications are made according to type of crop grown as FARMER, CASH GRAIN (agriculture); FARMER, VEGETABLE (agriculture); FLOWER GROWER (agriculture); HAY FARMER (agriculture).

FARMER, TENANT (agriculture)

A term used to designate a worker who plants, cultivates, and harvests crops or raises animals on rented land for which payment is made in specified amount of money or fixed quantity of crops or animals. Machinery, tools, livestock, labor, seed, and fertilizer are provided by tenant. Classifications are made according to kind of farm rented or crop raised as FARMER, CASH GRAIN (agriculture); FARMER, FIELD CROP (agriculture); FARMER, VEGETABLE (agriculture).

FARMWORKER (agriculture)

A term applied to worker who performs variety of duties on farm including planting, cultivating, and harvesting crops, operating farm equipment, and attending to livestock. Classifications are made according to duties performed as FARM-MACHINE OPERATOR (agriculture); FARMWORKER, POULTRY (agriculture); FARMWORKER, VEGETABLE (agriculture) I; FARMWORKER, VEGETABLE (agriculture) II; HARVEST WORKER, FRUIT (agriculture).

FARMWORKER, SEASONAL (agriculture) alternate titles: wage worker

A term applied to workers who are engaged in farm work on seasonal basis. Workers may specialize in planting, weeding, irrigating, harvesting, or packing crops, but do not follow crop maturities over wide areas. Classifications are made according to duties performed, as FARM-MACHINE OPERATOR (agriculture); HARVEST WORKER, FRUIT (agriculture); HARVEST WORKER, VEGETABLE (agriculture); IRRIGATOR, GRAVITY FLOW (agriculture); PACKER, AGRICULTURAL PRODUCE (agriculture); SORTER, AGRICULTURAL PRODUCE (agriculture; can. & preserv.; wholesale tr.); WEEDER-THINNER (agriculture).

FEATURED PLAYER (amuse. & rec.)

A term applied to any stage, motion picture, or television performer who receives prominent billing for an entertainment production. Classifications are made according to type of role as ACTOR (amuse. & rec.); COMEDIAN (amuse. & rec.).

FISHER (fishing & hunt.)

A term applied to any worker who hunts, catches, and traps aquatic animals, such as finfish and shellfish, including mollusks and crustaceans, or gathers aquatic shells, mosses, seaweeds, and sponges. Classifications are made according to equipment used as FISHER, LINE (fishing & hunt.); FISHER, NET (fishing & hunt.); FISHER, POT (fishing & hunt.); SHELLFISH DREDGE OPERATOR (fishing & hunt.); or according to type of aquatic life taken as IRISH-MOSS GATHERER (fishing & hunt.); KELP CUTTER (fishing & hunt.); SPONGE HOOKER (fishing & hunt.).

FISHER, SPONGE (fishing & hunt.)

A term applied to any worker when gathering sponges from the sea. Classifications are made according to method used as FISHER, DIVING (fishing & hunt.); SPONGE HOOKER (fishing & hunt.).

FOREIGN-BROADCAST SPECIALIST (radio-tv broad.)

A term applied to individuals who are involved with planning, writing, producing, and announcing for or acting in radio and television programs produced for broadcast to or in another country. Classifications are made according to work performed, without regard to specific language requirements. Typical classifications include NEWSCASTER (radio-tv broad.); NEWSWRITER (print. & pub.; radio-tv broad.); REPORTER (print. & pub.; radio-tv broad.); SCREEN WRITER (motion picture; radio-tv broad.); TRANSLATOR (profess. & kin.).

FORM CLEANER (construction) alternate titles: form scraper

A term applied to a CARPENTER HELPER, HARDWOOD FLOORING (construction); FORM-SETTER HELPER (construction); LABORER, CONCRETE-MIXING PLANT (construction) or LABORER, CONCRETE PAVING (construction) when cleaning wooden or metal concrete molds, using scraper, pick, shovel, or other tools to remove hardened concrete.

FORM STRIPPER (construction) alternate titles: form puller; form remover; form wrecker; paving-form mover

A term applied to a CARPENTER HELPER, HARDWOOD FLOORING (construction); FORM-SETTER HELPER (construction); or LABORER, CONCRETE PAVING (construction) when removing wooden or steel forms from concrete paving or other concrete work after concrete has hardened.

FRUIT WORKER (agriculture)

A term applied to a worker who cultivates, picks, grades, or packs fruits. Classifications are made according to duties performed as FARMWORKER, FRUIT (agriculture) I; HARVEST WORKER, FRUIT (agriculture); PACKER, AGRICULTURAL PRODUCE (agriculture); SORTER, AGRICULTURAL PRODUCE (agriculture; can. & preserv.; wholesale tr.).

GAS-METER TESTER (utilities)

A term applied to workers performing tasks concerned with dismantling, testing, and repairing gas meters. Classifications are made according to work performed as GAS-METER MECHANIC (utilities) I; GAS-METER MECHANIC (utilities) II; GAS-METER PROVER (utilities).

GENERATOR OPERATOR (utilities) alternate titles: dynamo operator

A term applied to a worker who controls operation of generator producing electricity for plant processes or for distribution by tending driving engine. Classifications are made according to type of driving engine as DIESEL-PLANT OPERATOR (utilities); TURBINE OPERATOR (utilities).

GOAT-TRUCK DRIVER (agriculture)

A term applied to workers who drive truck or farm equipment to transport empty containers to workers engaged in picking fruit and vegetables and to transport filled containers to shed or warehouse. Classifications are made according to equipment used as FARM-MACHINE OPERATOR (agriculture); TRUCK DRIVER, HEAVY (any industry).

GREIGE-ROOM WORKER (textile) alternate titles: greige-goods worker

A term applied to workers engaged in receiving and processing greige (unfinished) cloth or yarn in textile mill. Classifications are made according to process performed as GOODS LAYER (textile) 781.687-038; GREIGE-GOODS MARKER (textile) 229.587-010; or according to machine tended as GRAY-CLOTH TENDER, PRINTING (textile) 652.686-018.

GROUP LEADER (any industry) alternate titles: leader

A term applied to a worker who takes the lead and gives directions to workers while performing same duties as workers. Regularly performs all tasks of workers in group. Supervisory functions are secondary to the production duties performed and worker receives same classifications as workers led. Distinguished from STRAW BOSS (any industry).

HATTER (hat & cap)

A term for a worker who performs any of the operations connected with making felt hats or strawhats. Classifications are made according to the operation performed as BLOCKER, HAND (hat & cap) I; FUR-BLOWER OPERATOR (hat & cap); HAT-BLOCKING-MACHINE OPERATOR (hat & cap) I; HAT FINISHER (hat & cap).

HEALER (medical ser.)

A term applied to persons engaged in healing arts other than those requiring recognized legal, educational, or experience requirements. Usually restricted by law from performing such medical services as prescribing drugs or treating by surgery. Generally limited to such types of healing as physical culture and mental suggestion.

HIGHWAY SUPERVISOR (construction)

A term applied to a SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title who supervises work crews engaged in highway construction activities, such as clearing right-of-way, preparing subgrade, laying road surface, and installing curbing and guardrails. Classifications are made according to activity of workers supervised. Typical classifications are CLEARING SUPERVISOR (construction); CONCRETING SUPERVISOR (construction); SUPERVISOR, GRADING (construction).

INSTALLATION ENGINEER (profess. & kin.)

A term applied to an engineer who specializes in installing equipment. Classifications are made according to field of engineering specialization.

INSTRUCTOR, MACHINE (any industry)

A term applied to workers who instruct new employees in machine operations by giving on-the-job training. Workers are classified according to major work assignments as MACHINIST (machine shop); WEAVER (nonmet. min.; textile). Workers with supervisory duties are classified as SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.

INSTRUMENTATION ENGINEER (profess. & kin.)

A term applied to a worker who designs and supervises operation and maintenance of electrical, mechanical, and thermal instruments and control equipment necessary for safe and efficient operation of industrial plant. Classifications are made according to field of engineering specialization.

JOB-PRESS OPERATOR (print. & pub.)

A term applied to workers engaged in operation of printing presses used for printing small quantities, usually one sheet at a time, requiring frequent changes of press make-ready. Classifications are made according to type of press operated as CYLINDER-PRESS OPERATOR (print. & pub.) 651.362-010; PLATEN-PRESS OPERATOR (print. & pub.) 651.362-018.

JOURNEY WORKER (any industry)

A term applied to a worker who has completed a specified training program as an APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title in learning a trade or craft, or who can give written proof of a specified number of years of qualifying experience for such trade or craft.

KETTLE TENDER (any industry)

A term applied to a worker who melts, cooks, or dyes material or substances in a container heated by electricity, flame, or steam. Workers are usually classified according to material or substance treated as COOK, KETTLE (beverage; can. & preserv.; grain-feed mills); DIPPER (any industry); RENDERING-EQUIPMENT TENDER (meat products).

LABORATORY CHIEF (profess. & kin.) alternate titles: director, laboratory

A term applied to persons who serve as administrative heads of chemical, physical, electrical, biological, or other scientific laboratories. Classifications are made according to particular science or branch of engineering as CHEMICAL LABORATORY CHIEF (profess. & kin.).

LABORATORY WORKER (any industry)

A term for any worker in a laboratory performing routine or special tests, or research. Classifications are made according to type of work as BIOCHEMIST (profess. & kin.); FOOD TESTER (any industry); LABORATORY TESTER (any industry); SCIENTIFIC HELPER (profess. & kin.).

LAUNDRY HAND (laundry & rel.)

A term applied to any laundry worker. Classifications are made according to work performed as FLATWORK FINISHER (laundry & rel.); SHIRT PRESSER (laundry & rel.); WASHER, MACHINE (laundry & rel.).

LINGUIST (profess. & kin.)

A term applied to any person who has become skilled in languages, particularly living languages. Classifications are made according to occupation in which this skill is utilized, as INTERPRETER (profess. & kin.); TRANSLATOR (profess. & kin.).

LOGGER (logging)

A term applied to any worker engaged in logging. Classifications are made according to type of activity as BUCKER (logging); CHOKE SETTER (logging); FALLER (logging) I; FALLER (logging) II; LIMBER (logging); LOGGER, ALL-ROUND (logging); RIGGING SLINGER (logging).

LOG-YARD CRANE OPERATOR (saw. & plan.)

A term applied to LOCOMOTIVE-CRANE OPERATOR (any industry); TRACTOR-CRANE OPERATOR (any industry); or TRUCK-CRANE OPERATOR (any industry) when operating a crane to lift and move logs in log storage yard.

MACHINE ADJUSTER (any industry) alternate titles: adjuster

A term applied to workers who set up and adjust a battery of machines designed to perform a particular function in a manufacturing process. Classifications are made according to type of material or article produced as MACHINE SET-UP OPERATOR, PAPER GOODS (paper goods); ROPE-MACHINE SETTER (tex. prod., nec).

MACHINE RUNNER (mine & quarry) alternate titles: mining-machine operator

A term applied to workers who operate one or more mining machines to drill, undercut, load, and continuously mine in an underground mine. Classifications are made according to specific duties as CONTINUOUS-MINING-MACHINE OPERATOR (mine & quarry); CUTTER OPERATOR (mine & quarry); DRILLING-MACHINE OPERATOR (mine & quarry); LOADING-MACHINE OPERATOR (mine & quarry).

MAINTENANCE WORKER (any industry) alternate titles: service worker; trouble shooter

A term applied to workers engaged in repairing and maintaining buildings, machinery, and electrical and mechanical equipment in commercial, governmental, or industrial establishments. Classifications are made according to trade as CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE (any industry); ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE (any industry); or according to structure repaired or maintained as BOILERHOUSE MECHANIC (any industry); MAINTENANCE REPAIRER, BUILDING (any industry); or according to machinery and equipment repaired or maintained as CELLOPHANE-CASTING-MACHINE REPAIRER (plastic prod.); ELEVATOR REPAIRER (any industry).

MANAGER, BAR (hotel & rest.)

A term applied to a BARTENDER (hotel & rest.) or WINE STEWARD/STEWARDESS (hotel & rest.) when supervising personnel engaged in mixing and serving drinks and performing related duties, such as purchasing supplies for the bar.

MANAGER, FACILITATING SERVICES (any industry)

A term applied to workers in industrial organizations who plan, organize, and direct overhead services, such as employment, public relations, and safety. Classifications are made according to work performed as MANAGER, EMPLOYMENT (profess. & kin.); MANAGER, PERSONNEL (profess. & kin.); PUBLIC-RELATIONS REPRESENTATIVE (profess. & kin.); SAFETY ENGINEER (profess. & kin.).

MANAGER, SERVICE ESTABLISHMENT (any industry) alternate titles: superintendent, service establishment

A term applied to workers who manage an organization that renders service to public, such as business-service, repair-service, or personal-service establishment. Typical classifications are MANAGER, BARBER OR BEAUTY SHOP (personal ser.); MANAGER, MARINE SERVICE (ship-boat mfg.); MANAGER, RETAIL STORE (retail trade); MANAGER, SERVICE DEPARTMENT (wholesale tr.); SUPERVISOR, CAB (motor trans.).

MASON (construction)

A term applied to any worker when working with artificial stone, brick, concrete, stone, and the like. Classifications are made according to material worked with as BRICKLAYER (construction); CEMENT MASON (construction); STONEMASON (construction).

MASON HELPER (construction)

A term applied to a BRICKLAYER HELPER (construction); CEMENT-MASON HELPER (construction); or STONEMASON HELPER (construction) when assisting one of the masons.

MASTER (water trans.) alternate titles: captain; skipper

A term applied to a worker who commands a self-propelled watercraft. May be licensed by U.S. Coast Guard depending on type and tonnage of craft and water navigated. Classifications are made according to type of watercraft commanded as CAPTAIN, FISHING VESSEL (fishing & hunt.); DREDGE CAPTAIN (water trans.); FERRYBOAT CAPTAIN (water trans.); MASTER, RIVERBOAT (water trans.); MASTER, SHIP (water trans.); TUGBOAT CAPTAIN (water trans.).

MIGRANT WORKER (agriculture)

A term applied to a worker who moves about the country, working as member of farm crew to grow and harvest vegetables, grains, and fruits: Usually contracts for work with MIGRANT LEADER (agriculture) and receives pay, subsistence, and transportation from same. Drives farm equipment to plow, plant, or cultivate crops. Plants, weeds, thins, picks, washes, ties, grades, or packs fruits and vegetables by hand or with handtools. Classifications are made according to duties performed as FARM-MACHINE OPERATOR (agriculture); HARVEST WORKER, FRUIT (agriculture); HARVEST WORKER, VEGETABLE (agriculture); IRRIGATOR, GRAVITY FLOW (agriculture); WEEDER-THINNER (agriculture).

MILLER (any industry)

A term applied to a worker who grinds material, such as coal, cocoa beans, coffee, grain, or ore, using a machine. Classifications are made according to material ground or method employed as MILLER, WET PROCESS (grain-feed mills); WASH-MILL OPERATOR (chemical).

MILL HAND (any industry)

A term applied to workers performing various duties in a mill. Classifications are made according to type of machine operated or work performed as MILL OPERATOR (any industry); ROD-MILL TENDER (cement; smelt. & refin.); ROUGHER (steel & rel.); WASH-MILL OPERATOR (chemical).

MILL HAND (grain-feed mills)

A term applied to workers in a grain or feed mill whose duties require no previous experience and who work under the direction of other workers. Classifications are made according to tasks performed or worker assisted as BIN CLEANER (beverage; grain-feed mills); CUT-IN WORKER (grain-feed mills).

MILL WORKER (any industry)

A term applied to a worker who grinds and pulverizes materials, cleans and smooths articles and materials, treats hides and skins, or extracts metallic constituents from ore. Classifications are made according to machine or method used as FLOTATION TENDER (smelt. & refin.); TANNING DRUM OPERATOR (leather mfg.); TUMBLER OPERATOR (any industry).

MINER II (mine & quarry)

A term applied to any mine worker. Classifications are made according to work performed as CUTTER OPERATOR (mine & quarry); STRIPPING-SHOVEL OPERATOR (mine & quarry); TIMBER FRAMER (mine & quarry). In some areas the term MINER indicates only workers who have passed qualifying examinations for state miner's certificate.

MODEL MAKER II (any industry)

A term applied to workers who apply trade knowledge and skills to construct full scale experimental working models of electrical, electronic, or mechanical machines, controls, or tools, or to construct scale models for testing or display, or models to form molds for cast products. Workers are classified according to trade skill and knowledge applied as CONCRETE SCULPTOR (concrete prod.); PATTERNMAKER, WOOD (foundry); TOOL-AND-DIE MAKER (machine shop).

MUNICIPAL-SERVICES SUPERVISOR (government ser.)

A term for supervisory workers engaged in the maintenance of a public works program. Classifications are made according to municipal service rendered as SNOW-REMOVING SUPERVISOR (government ser.).

MUSEUM INTERN (museums)

A term applied to individuals who perform curatorial, administrative, educational, conservation, or research duties in museum or similar institution, to assist professional staff in utilization of institution's collections and other resources and to gain practical experience and knowledge to enhance personal qualifications for career. Classifications are made according to assignment which is usually based upon academic specialization as CRAFT DEMONSTRATOR (museums) 109.364-010; PAINTINGS RESTORER (profess. & kin.) 102.261-014; RESEARCH ASSISTANT (profess. & kin.) 109.267-010; RESEARCH ASSOCIATE (museums) 109.067-014.

NATURALIST (profess. & kin.)

A term applied to persons specializing in study of plants or animals. Classifications are made according to division studied as BOTANIST (profess. & kin.); ZOOLOGIST (profess. & kin.).

NEEDLE-TRADE WORKER (garment)

A term applied to workers engaged in sewing by hand in garment manufacturing establishment. Classifications are made according to type of sewing performed as BASTER, HAND (garment); FELLER, HAND (garment); SEWER, HAND (any industry).

NUMISMATIST (profess. & kin.)

A term for persons who specialize in science and collection of rare coins, medals, tokens, and paper money. Persons engaged in sale of coins are classified as SALESPERSON, STAMPS OR COINS (retail trade; wholesale tr.); those engaged in management of collections are classified CURATOR (museums).

NURSE, PROFESSIONAL (medical ser.) alternate titles: nurse; nurse, certified; nurse, licensed; nurse, registered

A term applied to persons meeting the educational, legal, and training requirements to practice as professional nurses, as required by a State Board of Nursing. Performs acts requiring substantial specialized judgment and skill in observation, care, and counsel of ill, injured, or infirm persons and in promotion of health and prevention of illness. Classifications are made according to type of nursing activity engaged in as DIRECTOR, NURSING SERVICE (medical ser.); NURSE, GENERAL DUTY (medical ser.); NURSE, PRIVATE DUTY (medical ser.).

PACE SETTER (agriculture)

A term applied to a lead worker engaged in picking fruit or truck crops, who picks at specified rate that determines production of workers. Classifications are made according to workers involved or crop picked as FARMWORKER, VEGETABLE (agriculture) II; HARVEST WORKER, FRUIT (agriculture).

PAINT GRINDER (paint & varnish) alternate titles: grinder operator; stock grinder

A term applied to workers engaged in reducing and dispersing dry particles in liquid vehicle for use in producing paint and related products. Classifications are made according to type of equipment used as ROLLER-MILL OPERATOR (paint & varnish); STONE-MILL OPERATOR (paint & varnish).

PHILATELIST (profess. & kin.)

A term applied to a worker who collects and studies stamps, stamped envelopes, and related material. Persons employed in sale or purchase of stamps are classified as MANAGER, RETAIL STORE (retail trade); SALESPERSON, STAMPS OR COINS (retail trade; wholesale tr.); those in charge of museum collections are classified CURATOR (museums).

PHYSICIAN, RESEARCH (medical ser.)

A term applied to persons with degree of doctor of medicine who conduct medical experiments and investigations to discover causes of various diseases; facts concerning diseases; and remedies for diseases. Classifications are made according to specialty.

PILE DRIVER (construction)

A term applied to a HOLDER, PILE DRIVING (construction); LABORER, PILE DRIVING, GROUND WORK (construction); LOFT WORKER, PILE DRIVING (construction); or RIGGER (construction) when driving piles.

PIPE CUTTER (construction)

A term applied to a PIPE FITTER (construction); PIPE-FITTER APPRENTICE (construction); PIPE-FITTER HELPER (construction); PLUMBER (construction) or PLUMBER APPRENTICE (construction) when cutting pipe for use in an air, water, steam, gas, or waste disposal system.

PIPELINE SUPERVISOR (construction)

A term applied to a SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title who supervises work crews engaged in pipeline-construction activities, such as clearing pipeline right-of-way, laying pipe, and backfilling ditches. Classifications are made according to activity of workers supervised. Typical classifications are CLEARING SUPERVISOR (construction); SUPERVISOR, LABOR GANG (construction).

PIPE THREADER, HAND (construction)

A term applied to a PIPE FITTER (construction); PIPE-FITTER APPRENTICE (construction); PIPE-FITTER HELPER (construction); PLUMBER (construction); PLUMBER APPRENTICE (construction); or PLUMBER HELPER (construction) when threading pipe.

PLANTER (agriculture)

A term applied to farmers, usually large-scale entrepreneurs, who specialize in growing cotton, rice, tobacco, or other crops. Classifications are made according to crop as COTTON GROWER (agriculture); PEANUT FARMER (agriculture); SOYBEAN GROWER (agriculture); TOBACCO GROWER (agriculture).

POLYMERIZATION OPERATOR (chemical; plastic-synth.)

A term applied to workers engaged in polymerization of chlorobutadiene into neoprene rubber, including preparation of constituent solutions. Classifications are made according to equipment operated as KETTLE OPERATOR (plastic-synth.).

POWER-PRESS OPERATOR (any industry)

A term applied to workers who operate, tend, or feed one or more power driven presses that cut, bend, punch, trim, compress, forge, rivet, emboss, upset, or force together materials to shape, fabricate, or assemble them by action of dies mounted on bed and ram of machine. Material may be manually or automatically fed into such press. Classifications are made according to function of machine as ASSEMBLY-PRESS OPERATOR (any industry); COMPRESSION-MOLDING-MACHINE TENDER (plastic prod.); EMBOSSING-PRESS OPERATOR (any industry); FORGING-PRESS OPERATOR (forging) I; FORGING-PRESS OPERATOR (forging) II; PUNCH-PRESS OPERATOR (any industry) I; PUNCH-PRESS OPERATOR (any industry) II; PUNCH-PRESS OPERATOR (any industry) III.

PRECIPITATOR OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.)

A term applied to workers engaged in precipitating aluminum hydroxide from rich liquor in the process of extracting alumina from bauxite. Classifications are made according to work performed as BOTTOM-PRECIPITATOR OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.); TOP-PRECIPITATOR OPERATOR (smelt. & refin.).

PRECISION-OPTICAL WORKER (optical goods)

A term applied to workers engaged in preparation of precision glass elements, working to close tolerances. Classifications are made according to work performed as OPTICAL-GLASS ETCHER (optical goods); OPTICAL-GLASS SILVERER (optical goods); PRECISION-LENS GRINDER (optical goods); PRECISION-LENS POLISHER (optical goods).

PRESS FEEDER (print. & pub.)

A term applied to workers who feed paper into printing presses. Classifications are made according to type of press fed.

PRESS OPERATOR (print. & pub.)

A term applied to workers who make ready and operate printing presses. Classifications are made according to type of press operated as CYLINDER-PRESS OPERATOR (print. & pub.) 651.362-010; OFFSET-PRESS OPERATOR (print. & pub.) I 651.382-042; PLATEN-PRESS OPERATOR (print. & pub.) 651.362-018.

PUBLIC-UTILITIES ENGINEER (profess. & kin.)

A term for persons who perform professional engineering work in field of regulation and control of public and private electric, natural gas, and water utilities. Classifications are made according to area of specialization, such as CIVIL ENGINEER (profess. & kin.); ELECTRICAL ENGINEER (profess. & kin.); ELECTROLYSIS-AND-CORROSION-CONTROL ENGINEER (profess. & kin.); POWER-DISTRIBUTION ENGINEER (utilities); RATE ENGINEER (profess. & kin.); VALUATION ENGINEER (profess. & kin.).

PUBLISHER (print. & pub.)

A term applied to the individual who publishes printed materials, such as newspapers, books, and magazines, and directs marketing of these products. Classifications are made according to executive capacity in which engaged as EDITOR, BOOK (print. & pub.) 132.067-014; EDITOR, MANAGING, NEWSPAPER (print. & pub.) 132.017-010; MANAGER, CIRCULATION (print. & pub.) 163.167-014; PRESIDENT (any industry) 189.117-026.

RAILROAD SUPERVISOR (construction)

A term applied to a SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title who supervises work crews engaged in railroad construction activities, such as clearing railroad right-of-way, installing pipe culverts, and laying ties and rails. Classifications are made according to activity of workers supervised. Typical classifications are CLEARING SUPERVISOR (construction); TRACK-LAYING SUPERVISOR (construction).

REAMER (construction)

A term applied to a RIVETER HELPER (any industry); or RIVETER, PNEUMATIC (any industry) when shaping misaligned rivet holes in structural-steel members, using a hand or electrically powered reaming tool.

REHABILITATION THERAPIST (profess. & kin.)

A term applied to persons engaged in restoring physical, emotional, social, and economic effectiveness of medical patients and other disabled persons. Classifications are made according to type of therapy applied as CORRECTIVE THERAPIST (medical ser.); TEACHER, EMOTIONALLY IMPAIRED (education); MANUAL-ARTS THERAPIST (medical ser.); MUSIC THERAPIST (medical ser.); OCCUPATIONAL THERAPIST (medical ser.); ORIENTATION AND MOBILITY THERAPIST FOR THE BLIND (education; medical ser.; nonprofit org.); PHYSICAL THERAPIST (medical ser.); RECREATIONAL THERAPIST (medical ser.).

RELIEF WORKER (tobacco) alternate titles: packing-machine relief-operator-and-salvager; utility hand

A term applied to workers who relieve other employees engaged in packing or export department of cigarette manufacturing firm. Classifications are made according to work performed as CARTON-PACKAGING-MACHINE OPERATOR (tobacco); CIGARETTE-MAKING-MACHINE CATCHER (tobacco); CIGARETTE-PACKING-MACHINE OPERATOR (tobacco).

RESEARCH ASSOCIATE (profess. & kin.)

A term applied to persons who conduct independent research in scientific, legal, medical, political, academic, or other specialized fields. Individuals working at this level are required to have a graduate degree. Classifications are made according to field of specialization as AERODYNAMICIST (aircraft mfg.) 002.061-010; METALLURGIST, PHYSICAL (profess. & kin.) 011.061-022; MICROBIOLOGIST (profess. & kin.) 041.061-058; PATHOLOGIST (medical ser.) 070.061-010; POLITICAL SCIENTIST (profess. & kin.) 051.067-010.

RIVER-AND-HARBOR SUPERVISOR (construction)

A term applied to a SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title who supervises work crews engaged in activities, such as deepening and widening harbors, canalizing streams, and impounding waters. Classifications are made according to activity of workers supervised. Typical classifications are BANK BOSS (construction); CONCRETING SUPERVISOR (construction); SUCTION-DREDGE-PIPELINE-PLACING SUPERVISOR (construction).

ROLL OPERATOR II (any industry)

A term applied to workers who operate machines to form, forge, bend, or straighten hot or cold metal by passing metal between or under revolving cylinders. Typical classifications are ANGLE-ROLL OPERATOR (any industry); FLANGING-ROLL OPERATOR (any industry); FORMING-ROLL OPERATOR (any industry) II; ROLL-FORMING-MACHINE OPERATOR (any industry) II; STRAIGHTENING-ROLL OPERATOR (any industry).

SAILOR (water trans.) alternate titles: sailor-merchant mariner

A term applied to workers aboard seagoing vessels. Classifications are made according to duties performed as MARINE OILER (water trans.); ORDINARY SEAMAN (water trans.).

SALESPERSON, CONTINGENT (retail trade) alternate titles: relief clerk; salesperson, part time; salesperson, relief

A term applied to a SALESPERSON (retail trade; wholesale tr.) Master Title who works only when called and works for period shorter than work period of regular SALESPERSONS (retail trade; wholesale tr.). May be employed for specified number of hours or days per week or month.

SAND HOG (construction)

A term applied to persons working under compressed air as in caisson or tunnel. Classifications are made according to work performed as LOCK TENDER (construction) I; MINER (construction); MUCKER (construction).

SAWYER (stonework)

A term applied to workers engaged in cutting stone with power-driven saws. The techniques required and types of machines vary considerably. Classifications are made according to type of saw as CIRCULAR SAWYER, STONE (stonework); GANG SAWYER, STONE (stonework); WIRE SAWYER (stonework).

SCIENTIST (profess. & kin.)

A term applied to a worker engaged in scientific studies and research. Classifications are made according to scientific specialties, such as ASTRONOMER (profess. & kin.); BIOLOGIST (profess. & kin.); MATHEMATICIAN (profess. & kin.); PHYSICIST (profess. & kin.); ZOOLOGIST (profess. & kin.).

SECOND HAND (textile)

A term applied to supervisors who supervise part of department in textile mill. Classifications are made according to name of department in which supervision is exercised as SUPERVISOR, PREPARATION DEPARTMENT (textile); SUPERVISOR, WINDING AND TWISTING DEPARTMENT (textile).

SECTION HAND (textile)

A term applied to supervisors, usually subordinate to SECOND HAND (textile), who supervise part of department in textile mill. Classifications are made according to name of department in which supervision is exercised as SUPERVISOR, PREPARATION DEPARTMENT (textile); SUPERVISOR, WINDING AND TWISTING DEPARTMENT (textile).

SERGING-MACHINE OPERATOR (any industry) alternate titles: edging-machine operator; overcasting-machine operator; overedge-machine operator; overlock-machine operator; overseaming-machine operator; serger

A term applied to sewing-machine operators when operating machine that trims raw edges from fabric and simultaneously binds trimmed edge with an overlock stitch. For classification of sewing-machine operators, see three-digit groups 786-787.

SEWER-AND-WATERWORKS SUPERVISOR (construction)

A term applied to a SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title who supervises work crews engaged in sewer-and-waterworks-construction activities, such as clearing right-of-way, loading materials, mixing concrete, and laying pipe. Classifications are made according to activity of workers supervised. Typical classifications are CLEARING SUPERVISOR (construction); CONCRETE-BATCHING AND MIXING-PLANT SUPERVISOR (construction); LABOR-CREW SUPERVISOR (construction; utilities); MATERIAL-CREW SUPERVISOR (construction; mfd. bldgs.).

SHARECROPPER (agriculture)

A term applied to a farmer who plants, cultivates, and harvests crops on land owned by another for specified share of receipts of sale of crop. Usually equipment, seed, and fertilizer are provided by land owner who may also specify crops to be grown and when planting and harvesting will take place. Classifications are made according to crop grown as FARMER, FIELD CROP (agriculture); FARMER, VEGETABLE (agriculture).

SHED WORKER (agriculture)

A term applied to farm workers when they are working in a building or lean-to which provides protection from weather or which is used for drying and storing crops. Classifications are made according to kind of crop, such as HARVEST WORKER, FIELD CROP (agriculture); HARVEST WORKER, VEGETABLE (agriculture); or according to duties performed as PACKER, AGRICULTURAL PRODUCE (agriculture); SORTER, AGRICULTURAL PRODUCE (agriculture; can. & preserv.; wholesale tr.); SUPERVISOR, SHED WORKERS (agriculture).

SHOP STEWARD (any industry)

A term applied to a worker who negotiates with company officials as a representative of fellow employees for the protection of their working interests or contractual rights. Acts as representative for other workers in the settlement of individual grievances. May keep overtime records. Workers whose union functions are incidental to their production work should be classified according to the production or administrative duties performed. Workers who spend full time in union activities should be classified as BUSINESS REPRESENTATIVE, LABOR UNION (profess. & kin.).

SMELTERY WORKER (smelt. & refin.)

A term applied to any worker in a smeltery where ores are melted to separate and recover the metals contained therein and the latter refined to a state of purity demanded for commercial use. Classifications are made according to type of activity or equipment used as FLOTATION TENDER (smelt. & refin.); KETTLE TENDER (smelt. & refin.) I; RAW SAMPLER (smelt. & refin.).

SOCIAL-WORK CONSULTANT (profess. & kin.)

A term applied to workers who render advisory service to agencies, groups, or individuals in fields of social work, employing their knowledge and skills gained through training, graduate-level education, and experience. Classifications are made according to areas of social work in which training, education, and experience have been acquired.

SOCIAL WORKER (profess. & kin.)

A term applied to a worker performing social service functions, based on university-level education in social-welfare human services, or equivalency, in a public or voluntary social welfare agency, organization, or department, or in other settings, as in housing projects or in schools. Classifications are made according to work performed as SOCIAL GROUP WORKER (social ser.); SOCIAL WORKER, DELINQUENCY PREVENTION (social ser.); SOCIAL WORKER, PSYCHIATRIC (profess. & kin.).

SOLDERER, SILVER (welding)

A term applied to workers who braze together components of metal assemblies with a brazing alloy, usually containing silver (hard solder), by any brazing method. Workers are classified according to function or equipment used as BRAZER, ASSEMBLER (welding); BRAZER, CONTROLLED ATMOSPHERIC FURNACE (welding); BRAZER, INDUCTION (welding); BRAZER, REPAIR AND SALVAGE (welding); BRAZING-MACHINE OPERATOR (welding).

SPECIAL-DELIVERY DRIVER (any industry)

A term applied to TRUCK DRIVER, HEAVY (any industry); or TRUCK DRIVER, LIGHT (any industry) when delivering orders that cannot be handled by regular delivery system because order must reach customer immediately, customer's address is not on regular route, or for other reasons.

SPECIALTY CHEF (hotel & rest.) alternate titles: chef, department; chef, station

A term applied to the head cook of a station when specializing in a given type of cooking, such as frying foods or cooking sauces. Classifications are made according to specialty as SOUS CHEF (hotel & rest.).

SPINNING-ROOM WORKER (plastic-synth.)

A term for workers employed in the spinning department of a synthetic-fiber plant. Classifications are made according to work performed as BOX TENDER (plastic-synth.); PUMP TESTER (plastic-synth.); SPINNER (plastic-synth.); SPINNING-BATH PATROLLER (plastic-synth.); TEMPERATURE-CONTROL INSPECTOR (plastic-synth.).

SPONSOR (retail trade) alternate titles: coach; instructor, training

A term applied to MANAGER, DEPARTMENT (retail trade), his or her assistant, or to experienced salesperson who instructs and supervises new sales employees in store system, care and location of stock, merchandise information, and selling methods.

SPREADER II (any industry)

A term applied to a worker who lays out, coats, places, or spreads material to be cut, joined, stretched, or smoothed. Classifications are made according to material spread as CANDY SPREADER (sugar & conf.); FLATWORK FINISHER (laundry & rel.).

STAGE HAND (amuse. & rec.) alternate titles: stage technician

A term applied to all workers backstage of theater who handle props, curtains, or electrical equipment. Classifications are made according to type of activity in which engaged as PROPERTY COORDINATOR (amuse. & rec.; radio-tv broad.).

STILL OPERATOR (any industry)

A term applied to a worker who operates or tends equipment for distilling, purifying, reclaiming, or refining materials. Usually designated according to type of duties performed as BATCH-STILL OPERATOR (chemical) II; DISTILLER (chemical) I; DISTILLER (chemical) II; and REFINERY OPERATOR (petrol. refin.).

STITCHER, MACHINE (boot & shoe)

A term applied to workers who operate single, double, or multiple needle standard or special stitching machines to join, decorate, or reinforce shoe parts. Classification are made according to type of machine used as STITCHER, SPECIAL MACHINE (boot & shoe); STITCHER, STANDARD MACHINE (boot & shoe).

STONE MECHANIC (stonework) alternate titles: stone finisher

A term applied to a worker who is skilled in layout work and the use of handtools and machines for cutting, polishing, and sandblasting building and monument stone. Classifications should be made according to work performed as SANDBLASTER, STONE (stonework); STONECUTTER, HAND (stonework); STONECUTTER, MACHINE (stonework); STONE POLISHER, HAND (stonework).

STONE RENOVATOR (construction)

A term applied to a BRICKLAYER (construction); CEMENT MASON (construction); PLASTERER (construction); or STONEMASON (construction) when resurfacing stone to restore and renovate building.

STRAW BOSS (any industry) alternate titles: gang leader; group leader; head; pacer; pusher

A term applied to a worker who takes the lead in a construction or laboring crew and is selected to expedite the work of the crew, usually small in number. Regularly performs all duties of workers in crew. Explains tasks to new workers. The supervisory functions are incidental to the duties performed as a member of the crew. Classifications are made according to type of work performed by crew.

STRIPPER (any industry)

A term applied to a worker who dismantles or separates articles or material, removes coverings, trims and decorates products, or otherwise works with strips of material. Classifications are made according to article or material processed as CARD STRIPPER (textile); COVER STRIPPER (paper goods); FORM STRIPPER (concrete prod.; construction); FRAME STRIPPER (soap & rel.).

STUD-DRIVER OPERATOR (construction) alternate titles: cartridge-actuated-tool operator; explosive-actuated-tool operator; powder-actuated-tool operator

A term applied to a CARPENTER (construction) or ELECTRICIAN (construction) when driving steel studs into concrete, steel, or masonry base to anchor construction materials and equipment, using powder-actuated stud driver.

STYRENE OPERATOR (chemical)

A term applied to workers in a styrene manufacturing plant who operate or tend panel-controlled equipment, such as stills and catalytic converter units, to facilitate production of product meeting plant standards. Classifications are made according to equipment operated or tended as CATALYTIC-CONVERTER OPERATOR (chemical); CONTINUOUS-STILL OPERATOR (chemical).

SWITCHYARD WORKER (r.r. trans.)

A term applied to workers when switching or supervising workers engaged in switching cars within yard of railroad, industrial plant, quarry, construction project, or other similar location for purpose of loading, unloading, making up, and breaking up of trains. Classifications are made according to type of activity engaged in as CONDUCTOR, YARD (r.r. trans.); SWITCH TENDER (r.r. trans.); YARD COUPLER (r.r. trans.).

TAILINGS MACHINERY TENDER (smelt. & refin.)

A term applied to worker who tends equipment used to dispose of tailings (worthless material) after valuable minerals have been removed by ore-dressing processes. The equipment used varies with each individual mill, with pumps, bucket elevators, desliming cones, thickeners, launders, and settling tanks commonly being used. Usually designated according to type of equipment tended as CLASSIFIER TENDER (smelt. & refin.).

TEACHER, HOME (education)

A term applied to a TEACHER, ELEMENTARY SCHOOL (education) or a TEACHER, SECONDARY SCHOOL (education) who instructs students unable to attend classes because of confinement at home or hospital.

TECHNICIAN (profess. & kin.) alternate titles: engineering aide; technical aide; technical assistant

A term applied to a worker who works in direct support of ENGINEERS (profess. & kin.) or SCIENTISTS (profess. & kin.), utilizing theoretical knowledge of fundamental scientific, engineering, mathematical, or draft design principles. Solves practical problems encountered in fields of specialization, such as those concerned with development of electrical and electronic circuits, and establishment of testing methods for electrical, electronic, electromechanical, and hydromechanical devices and mechanisms; application of engineering principles in solving design, development, and modification problems of parts or assemblies for products or systems; and application of natural and physical science principles to basic or applied research problems in fields, such as metallurgy, chemistry, and physics. Classifications are made according to specialization as ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN (profess. & kin.); MATHEMATICAL TECHNICIAN (profess. & kin.).

TEXTILE ENGINEER (profess. & kin.)

A term applied to workers possessing college degrees or equivalent experience in textile technology. These workers usually enter textile industry as trainees for any one of several supervisory or technical occupations. Classifications are made according to specialty as CLOTH DESIGNER (profess. & kin.); MANAGER, QUALITY CONTROL (profess. & kin.); DYER, SUPERVISOR (knitting; tex. prod., nec; textile); PRODUCTION SUPERINTENDENT (any industry); WEAVING SUPERVISOR (nonmet. min.; textile). Professional engineers who refer to themselves as textile engineers because of their experience in the textile industry should be classified according to their specialty as CHEMICAL ENGINEER (profess. & kin.); ELECTRICAL ENGINEER (profess. & kin.); MECHANICAL ENGINEER (profess. & kin.).

TIRE BUILDER (rubber tire)

A term applied to workers engaged in building parts of tires or assembling whole tires. Classifications are made according to part of tire being made as BAND BUILDER (rubber tire); or according to tire assembled as TIRE BUILDER, AUTOMOBILE (rubber tire); TIRE BUILDER, HEAVY SERVICE (rubber tire).

TOWER OPERATOR I (chemical)

A term applied to workers who operate or tend columns or towers in chemical absorption, distillation, stripping, rectification, or related processes. Classifications are made according to process operated as ABSORPTION OPERATOR (chemical) or according to equipment unit as TOWER HELPER (chemical).

TOXIC OPERATOR (chemical)

A term applied to any worker who processes or otherwise handles toxic explosives, such as tetryl and nitroglycerin, or toxic ingredients, such as acids and benzene. Classifications are made according to equipment used or according to material handled as TETRYL-SCREEN OPERATOR (chemical).

TRAINEE (any industry)

A term applied to workers who are engaged, under direct supervision, in learning a job or trade that may require up to several months of continuous on-the-job training, with or without related schooling in vocational subjects, before the worker may be considered fully qualified to perform the job. Such workers should be treated as entry applicants except that, if they have completed their training requirements, they should be classified according to the job learned. Workers who are learning a trade through apprenticeship training should be classified in accordance with the procedure set forth under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.

TRAINEE ENGINEER (profess. & kin.)

A term applied to an engineer who works under supervison of experienced engineers to gain qualifying experience in a particular field. Classifications are made according to field of specialization as CHEMICAL ENGINEER (profess. & kin.); ELECTRICAL ENGINEER (profess. & kin.); MECHANICAL ENGINEER (profess. & kin.).

TRUCK DRIVER (any industry) alternate titles: truck operator

A term applied to workers who drive trucks to transport materials, merchandise, equipment, or people. Workers are classified according to type of truck as DUMP-TRUCK DRIVER (any industry); TRACTOR-TRAILER-TRUCK DRIVER (any industry); TRUCK DRIVER, LIGHT (any industry).

TUNNEL WORKER (construction)

A term applied to a person working in tunnel. Classifications are made according to work performed as LOCK TENDER (construction) I; PIPE CAULKER (construction); SHIELD RUNNER (construction).

TYPESETTER (print. & pub.)

A term applied to a worker who, prior to actual printing operations, sets and assembles type and cuts in chases for printing articles, headings, and other printed matter; or who composes type by operating various typesetting machines. Typically is required to complete a lengthy apprenticeship and is thoroughly versed in type style, printed page makeup, and printing techniques involved in newspaper or commercial printing. Classifications are made according to type of printing activity engaged in as COMPOSITOR (print. & pub.) 973.381-010; LINOTYPE OPERATOR (print. & pub.) 650.582-010; MAKE-UP ARRANGER (print. & pub.) 973.381-026; MONOTYPE-KEYBOARD OPERATOR (machinery mfg.; print. & pub.) 650.582-014; TYPE-CASTING MACHINE OPERATOR (print. & pub.) 654.582-010; TYPESETTER-PERFORATOR OPERATOR (print. & pub.) 203.582-062.

VISUAL-INFORMATION SPECIALIST (profess. & kin.)

A term applied to civil service workers who plan and design visual material used in publications, exhibits, speeches, briefings, television, motion pictures, film strips, and similar visual media. Classifications are made according to duties and area of specialization as ART DIRECTOR (profess. & kin.); AUDIOVISUAL PRODUCTION SPECIALIST (profess. & kin.); DISPLAY DESIGNER (profess. & kin.); GRAPHIC DESIGNER (profess. & kin.); ILLUSTRATOR (profess. & kin.); PUBLIC-RELATIONS REPRESENTATIVE (profess. & kin.); SET DESIGNER (motion picture; radio-tv broad.).

WARE FORMER (pottery & porc.)

A term applied to workers who form clay into vessels or other objects by hand or by using molds or presses. Classifications are made according to method used as CASTER (pottery & porc.); DIE PRESSER (pottery & porc.); JOLLIER (pottery & porc.); POTTERY-MACHINE OPERATOR (pottery & porc.); THROWER (pottery & porc.).

WASTE HAND (textile)

A term designating workers who handle waste materials in textile mill. Classifications are made according to task performed as LABORER, SALVAGE (any industry); or according to machine tended as WASTE-MACHINE TENDER (tex. prod., nec; textile).

WELDER, CERTIFIED (welding) alternate titles: certified welder

A term applied to a welder who possesses a written certification from an employer or certifying agent, such as governmental agency, and professional or technical association, verifying that worker's production of specified welds meets prescribed standards. Not all welders are certified. Certified and non-certified welders are classified according to welding process or workpiece, such as WELDER, ARC (welding); WELDER, BOILERMAKER (struct. metal); WELDER-FITTER (welding).

WELL-POINT SETTER (construction)

A term applied to a LABORER, PLUMBING (construction); MUCKER, COFFERDAM (construction); or PIPE-LAYER HELPER (construction) when assisting in the installation of well-point pumps and in setting well-point pipe into sand or loose earth to provide subsoil drainage systems for excavation work below ground water level.

WHEELER (construction) alternate titles: buggy pusher; chute worker; loader; wheelbarrow pusher

A term applied to a BRICKLAYER HELPER (construction); CARPENTER HELPER, HARDWOOD FLOORING (construction); LABORER, CONCRETE-MIXING PLANT (construction); LABORER, PLUMBING (construction); LABORER, ROAD (construction); PLASTERER HELPER (construction); or STONEMASON HELPER (construction) when pushing wheelbarrow or buggy (two-wheeled push cart with deep body) to transport concrete, mortar, sand, or other material.

YARD SUPERVISOR (any industry) alternate titles: yard boss

A term applied to a worker who supervises and directs activities of workers engaged in such duties as stacking materials, loading and unloading incoming and outgoing shipments, or sorting scrap materials for salvage, in yard of an industrial plant. Classifications are made according to activity supervised as STOCK SUPERVISOR (clerical); SUPERVISOR, FRAMING MILL (wood prod., nec); SUPERVISOR, SCRAP PREPARATION (steel & rel.).

YEOMAN (water trans.)

A term applied to an ADMINISTRATIVE CLERK (clerical) who performs clerical duties on board ship.